Bioidentical Estrogen Replacement Therapy in Women

best estrogen replacement

What Is Estrogen?

  •   Functions of natural estrogen in women include
    •  Primary female sex hormone: Natural estrogens promote the formation of secondary sexual characteristics in females such as development of breasts.
    • Reproductive: Estrogen is important in regulating the menstrual cycle. It also thickens the endometrium (uterine lining) during the first half of the menstrual cycle
  • Estrogen is primarily produced by the ovaries and secondarily produced by the liver, adrenal glands, breast and fat tissue.
    Estrogen is present in both women and men. Estrogen balance is very important for both women and men.
  • Natural bioidentical estrogens are the exact chemical structure as the estrogens the human body produces.
    • These natural estrogens have many benefits and no side effects when a woman has normal (physiological) levels.
    • There are three types of natural bioidentical estrogens
      •  Estradiol
        • The strongest of the three natural estrogens.
        • The primary natural estrogen in women prior to menopause.
        • The estrogen responsible for most of the benefits of bioidentical estrogen replacement therapy in women.
      • Estriol
        •  Eighty times weaker than estradiol.
        • The primary natural estrogen during pregnancy (produced by the placenta). It helps maintain pregnancy.
        • In non-pregnant women, estriol is present in small amounts and has many important benefits including:
          •  Protects against breast cancer.
          • Controls symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes and night sweats.
          • Decreases bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases good cholesterol (HDL).
          • Prevents urinary tract infections by restoring the proper pH to the vagina and maintaining the urethra.
          • Prevents vaginal atrophy and dryness by maintaining the vaginal lining.
          • May protect against heart disease.
          • May protect against osteoporosis
        • Estrone
          • The primary natural estrogen after menopause.
          • Increases the risk of cancer when there are deficiencies in estradiol and estriol.

Benefits of Bioidentical Estrogen Replacement Therapy in Women

  • Improved quality of life
    •  Eliminates night sweats
    • Eliminates hot flashes
    • Eliminates vaginal dryness and pain with intercourse
    • Decreases wrinkles and helps maintain soft skin
      •  Increases water content of the skin and improves skin
        thickness
    • Improves energy levels and decreases fatigue
    • Improves sex drive (libido) and performance
    • Body composition change
      • Maintains muscle mass and helps prevent muscle damage
      • Decreases body fat
    • Mood changes
      •  Improves mood and may eliminate depressed mood
      • Decreases and may eliminate anxiety
      • Decreases and may eliminate irritability
    • Improves brain function
      •  Improves memory
      • Improves concentration
    • Improves sleep
  • Health benefits of estrogen replacement therapy in women
    •  Decreases the risk of developing metabolic syndrome
      •  Improves blood glucose levels, which decreases the risk of developing diabetes and may reverse diabetes
      • Improves blood pressure and may reverse hypertension (high blood pressure)
      • Improves cholesterol levels and may reverse hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol levels)
        •  Decreases total cholesterol
        • Decreases LDL (bad cholesterol)
        • Decreases triglycerides (bad cholesterol)
        • Decreases lipoprotein (a) (bad cholesterol)
        • Improves HDL (good cholesterol) by 10-15%
      • Reduces body fat and decreases the risk of developing obesity
    • Decreases the overall risk of heart disease by 40-50%
      •  This is due to estrogen replacement decreasing risk factors for heart disease (i.e., improves blood glucose levels, improves blood pressure, improves cholesterol and accelerates fat loss)
      • Vascular system
        •  Decreases the accumulation of plaque on the arteries
        • Dilates small arteries, which improves blood flow
        • Maintains flexible arteries, which decreases strain on the heart and other organs
        • Decreases platelet, which decreases blood clotting
    • Improves mental function
      •  Improves memory and concentration
      • Decreases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease
      • Decreases the risk of depression
    • Improves bone strength
      •  Decreases the risk of developing osteoporosis
      • Decreases the risk of hip fractures and other broken bones
    • Decreases the risk of cataracts
    • Decreases the risk of macular degeneration
    • Decreases the risk of colon cancer

Menopause and Estrogen

  • As a woman approaches menopause, her estrogen levels initially increase before they significantly decline.
  • Estrogen imbalance (both low and high) can cause many unpleasant symptoms and increase health risks
    •  Symptoms of low estrogen levels:
      • Night sweats
      • Hot flashes
      • Vaginal atrophy, dryness and pain with intercourse
      • Wrinkled, thin, dry and roughened skin
      • Decreased energy levels and fatigue
      • Decreased sexual function
        • Decreased sex drive (libido) and performance
        • Decreased frequency and intensity of orgasms
      • Body composition changes
        • Loss of muscle mass and muscle tone
        • Increased body fat
      • Mood changes
        •  Depressed mood
        • Anxiety
        • Irritability
      • Decreased brain function
        • Memory loss
        • Decreased concentration
      • Insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
    • Health risks associated with low estrogen levels:
      •  Increased risk of diabetes
      • Increased blood pressure
      • Worsening cholesterol levels
      • Increased risk of heart disease
      • Increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease
      • Increased risk of depression
      • Increased risk of osteoporosis (weak bones)
      • Increased risk of cataracts
      • Increased risk of macular degeneration
      • Increased risk of colon cancer
  • Estrogen imbalance also negatively affects the function of the other female hormones such as progesterone, thyroid, cortisol, DHEA, and testosterone, which will further worsen symptoms of estrogen imbalance and menopausal symptoms

Estrogen Dominance: When Estrogen Levels Are Too High

  • Causes of high estrogen levels
    • Taking too much estrogen
    • Lack of exercise
    • Diet low in grains and fiber
    • Environmental estrogens (i.e., xenoestrogens in foods or plastics)
    • Stress can cause estrogen dominance:
      •  The body increases cortisol production to handle the stress.
      • The increase in cortisol results in a decline in progesterone levels and subsequent estrogen dominance
    • Symptoms of high estrogen levels
      •  Fatigue
      • Bloating
      • Weight gain
      • Water retention
      • Insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
      • Headaches
      • Irritability
      • Mood swings
      • Heavy periods
      • Depression
      • Anxiety
      • Swollen breast
      • Allergies
  • Health risks associated with high estrogen levels
    • Breast cancer
    • Autoimmune disease
    • Hypothyroidis
    • Uterine fibroids
    • Uterine cancer
    • Cervical dysplasia

Your Solution to Estrogen Imbalance: Natural Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy

Bioidentical hormone therapy can correct the symptoms of estrogen deficiency and restore the youth and vitality you experienced in your 20s and 30s. At Genemedics Health Institute, we design comprehensive, personalized hormone replacement programs for each patient, based on extensive lab tests and clinical exam results. Our programs are complemented by a personalized exercise, nutrition, and supplement programs for the maximum health benefits.