Testosterone is a steroid hormone from the androgen group and is present in both men and women as well as in other vertebrates. Testosterone is responsible for physical changes in men during the puberty period such as deepening of the voice, growth of the penis, testes, muscles, facial, pubic and body hair, getting taller and functions to make sperm to be able to have children.  In addition, testosterone plays a great role in fat distribution, red blood cell production and maintaining bone density.  In women, testosterone is present in smaller amounts. It functions to maintain sex drive, keep bones healthy, manage pain levels and preserve cognitive health. Also, it gives women a sense of motivation, assertiveness and a feeling of well-being.
The brain and pituitary gland (small gland at the base of the brain) control testosterone production by the testes.  From there, it moves through the blood to do its work. In women, testosterone is produced in various locations. One quarter of testosterone is produced in the ovaries, a quarter is produced in the adrenal glands, and one half is produced in the peripheral tissues from the various precursors in the ovaries and adrenal glands. 
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