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Tomato Fruit Powder 

Tomato Fruit Powder 

Tomato, also known as “Solanum Lycopersicum”, is a fruit that is commonly used in various cuisines worldwide. Aside from being a famous ingredient, tomatoes are the major dietary source of the antioxidant lycopene, which has been associated with many health benefits such as reducing the risk of heart diseases and cancer. Tomato is also a great source of vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium, and folate. You can get all the nutrients from tomatoes by eating them raw or consuming their powder form.

Overall Health Benefits of Tomato Fruit Powder 

  • Treats symptoms of diabetes and improves blood sugar levels [1-5]
  • Lowers blood pressure [3-10]
  • Improves fertility [11-13]
  • Lowers risk of stroke [14-18]
  • Improves kidney function [19-21]
  • Lowers risk of cardiovascular disease [22-29]
  • Prevents cancer [30-37]
  • Improves sleep quality [38-39]
  • Wards off depression and improves mood [40-41]

How Tomato Fruit Powder Works

Tomatoes are a nutrient-dense superfood with a wide array of medicinal uses. Its health benefits can be attributed to the high amounts of lycopene it contains. The antioxidant properties of lycopene can benefit almost every system in your body. It can also protect against a broad range of medical maladies.

Proven Health Benefits of Tomato Fruit Powder 

Treats Symptoms of Diabetes and Improves Blood Sugar Levels

An overwhelming body of clinical evidence shows that tomatoes can lower high blood sugar levels:

  1. Studies found that eating tomatoes was favorable for diabetic conditions because it decreased diabetes-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and tissue damage. [1-2]
  2. In type 2 diabetic patients, consumption of 200 g raw tomato per day significantly decreased blood sugar levels. [3]
  3. A study found that dietary lycopene intake was associated with a lower risk of gestational diabetes. [4]
  4. In rats with high blood sugar levels caused by a high-fat diet, supplementation with tomato lycopene extract (TLE) reduced blood sugar levels. [5]

Lowers Blood Pressure

Studies also show that tomatoes have blood pressure-lowering effects:

  1. In diabetic patients with hypertension, consumption of 200 g tomatoes a day reduced blood pressure. [3]
  2. A study reported that lycopene supplementation might effectively decrease systolic blood pressure. [6]
  3. In hypertensive patients, short-term treatment with antioxidant-rich tomato extract reduced blood pressure. [7]
  4. In people with stage 1 hypertension, consumption of tomatoes and lycopene for 8 weeks reduced blood pressure. [8]
  5. In hypertensive rats, administration of green tomatoes significantly reduced blood pressure via reduction of inflammatory blood cytokines. [9]
  6. In grade 1 hypertensive patients, daily intake of tomato extract for 8 weeks significantly reduced both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. [10]

Improves Fertility

Studies also show that consumption of tomatoes is beneficial in improving different markers of fertility:

  1. In infertile men, consumption of tomato juice (containing 30 mg of lycopene) for 12 weeks improved sperm motility. [11]
  2. A study reported that supplementation with 4–8 mg of lycopene daily for 3–12 months improved sperm parameters and pregnancy rates. [12]
  3. In young healthy men, supplementation with 14 mg of lycopene daily improved sperm motility and structure. [13]

Lowers Risk of Stroke

Several lines of evidence suggest that tomato consumption can significantly reduce the risk of stroke:

  1. A study showed that high blood concentrations of lycopene decreased the risk of ischemic stroke in men. [14]
  2. A study found that lycopene can help lower the risk of stroke by reducing arterial stiffness. [15]
  3. In European men, high blood levels of lycopene were associated with a lower stroke risk. [16]
  4. A study found that higher consumption of tomatoes was associated with a lower stroke risk. [17]
  5. In middle-aged men, the group with the lowest quartile of blood levels of lycopene had a 3.3 fold increased risk of stroke as compared to the other groups. [18]

Improves Kidney Function

There are also studies supporting the benefits of tomatoes on kidney health:

  1. A study found that lycopene can protect against kidney disease by reducing biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation. [19]
  2. In obese male Wistar rats, consumption of lycopene reduced kidney inflammation. [20]
  3. In rats, lycopene supplementation prevented kidney injury caused by impaired blood flow. [21]

Lowers Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

The beneficial effects of tomato on cardiovascular disease are backed by numerous studies:

  1. A study showed that higher lycopene intake was associated with a lower cardiovascular disease risk. [22]
  2. A study found that lycopene could modulate T lymphocyte activities which in turn reduces the formation of plaques within the heart arteries. [23]
  3. In patients with type 2 diabetes, tomato juice consumption protected against cardiovascular disease by reducing platelet aggregation. [24]
  4. In local Japanese residents, unsalted tomato juice intake reduced cardiovascular disease risk by improving blood pressure and cholesterol levels. [25]
  5. In patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes, consumption of commercial tomato juice decreased the levels of C-reactive protein, a risk factor for myocardial infarction. [26]
  6. In adult subjects, lycopene reduced cardiovascular disease risk by reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. [27]
  7. In women, higher consumption of tomato-based products, particularly tomato sauce and pizza, resulted in a lower cardiovascular disease risk. [28]
  8. A study reported that consumption of tomato sauce enriched with olive oil produced greater effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors than raw tomato. [29]

Prevents Cancer

The anti-cancer properties of tomatoes are also supported by several studies:

  1. In mice with cancer, consumption of genetically modified tomatoes resulted in a significant extension of their life span. [30]
  2. A study found that the bioactive constituents of tomatoes have cancer-preventive properties. [31]
  3. A study showed that the combination of tomato and broccoli suppressed tumor growth. [32]
  4. A study reported that lycopene consumption is linked with decreased risk of cancer. [33]
  5. In cultured lung cancer cells and animal models of cancer, tomato administration decreased tumor size. [34]
  6. In a mouse model of prostate cancer, tomato diet significantly increased overall survival. [35]
  7. In people with a family history of prostate cancer, frequent intake of tomato or lycopene reduced their risk of cancer. [36]
  8. In laying hens with ovarian cancer, supplementation of lycopene notably reduced the overall ovarian tumor cancer through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. [37]

Improves Sleep Quality

Studies also show that tomato consumption has beneficial effects on sleep quality:

  1. In obese postmenopausal women, supplementation of beefsteak tomato before sleep improved sleep quality by increasing circulating melatonin. [38]
  2. A study found a strong link between higher tomato consumption and increased sleeping time. [39]

Wards off Depression and Improves Mood

Studies have proven that tomatoes have antidepressant and anti-anxiety effects:

  1. In middle-aged women, consumption of tomato juice in 8 weeks reduced menopausal symptoms, including anxiety. [40]
  2. In elderly patients, consumption of a tomato-rich diet resulted in lower prevalence of depressive symptoms. [41]

References:

  1. Saleem A. Banihani (2018) Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and type 2 diabetes, International Journal of Food Properties, 21:1, 99-105, DOI: 10.1080/10942912.2018.1439959.
  2. Available from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1043661820312743.
  3. Shidfar F, Froghifar N, Vafa M, Rajab A, Hosseini S, Shidfar S, Gohari M. The effects of tomato consumption on serum glucose, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A-I, homocysteine and blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2011 May;62(3):289-94. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2010.529072. Epub 2010 Dec 8. PMID: 21138408.
  4. Gao Q, Zhong C, Zhou X, Chen R, Xiong T, Hong M, Li Q, Kong M, Han W, Sun G, Yang X, Yang N, Hao L. The association between intake of dietary lycopene and other carotenoids and gestational diabetes mellitus risk during mid-trimester: a cross-sectional study. Br J Nutr. 2019 Jun;121(12):1405-1412. doi: 10.1017/S0007114519000606. Epub 2019 Mar 22. PMID: 30898174.
  5. Available from https://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=104731.
  6. Li X, Xu J. Lycopene supplement and blood pressure: an updated meta-analysis of intervention trials. Nutrients. 2013;5(9):3696-3712. Published 2013 Sep 18. doi:10.3390/nu5093696.
  7. Available from https://lycocard.gr/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/2006.pdf.
  8. Engelhard, Y. N., Gazer, B., Paran, E. Natural antioxidants from tomato extract reduce blood pressure in patients with grade-1 hypertension: A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. American Heart Journal 2006 Jan;151(1):100.
  9. Available from Available from https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/25/16/3758/htm.
  10. Engelhard, Y. N., Gazer, B., Paran, E. Natural antioxidants from tomato extract reduce blood pressure in patients with grade-1 hypertension: A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. American Heart Journal 2006 Jan;151(1):100.
  11. Yamamoto Y, Aizawa K, Mieno M, Karamatsu M, Hirano Y, Furui K, Miyashita T, Yamazaki K, Inakuma T, Sato I, Suganuma H, Iwamoto T. The effects of tomato juice on male infertility. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2017 Jan;26(1):65-71. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.102015.17. PMID: 28049263.
  12. Durairajanayagam D, Agarwal A, Ong C, Prashast P. Lycopene and male infertility. Asian J Androl. 2014;16(3):420-425. doi:10.4103/1008-682X.126384.
  13. Williams EA, Parker M, Robinson A, Pitt S, Pacey AA. A randomized placebo-controlled trial to investigate the effect of lactolycopene on semen quality in healthy males. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar;59(2):825-833. doi: 10.1007/s00394-019-02091-5. Epub 2019 Oct 8. PMID: 31591650; PMCID: PMC7058571.
  14. Karppi J, Laukkanen JA, Sivenius J, Ronkainen K, Kurl S. Serum lycopene decreases the risk of stroke in men: a population-based follow-up study. Neurology. 2012;79(15):1540-1547. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826e26a6Mozos.
  15. Mozos I, Stoian D, Caraba A, Malainer C, Horbańczuk JO, Atanasov AG. Lycopene and Vascular Health. Front Pharmacol. 2018;9:521. Published 2018 May 23. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00521.
  16. Li X, Xu J. Dietary and circulating lycopene and stroke risk: a meta-analysis of prospective studies [published correction appears in Sci Rep. 2014;4:5906]. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5031. Published 2014 May 22. doi:10.1038/srep05031.
  17. Tomatoes and stroke prevention. New evidence shows lycopene is not just a cancer fighter. Harv Health Lett. 2013 Feb;38(4):4. PMID: 23841168.
  18. Rissanen T., Voutilainen S., Nyyssonen K., Salonen J.T. Lycopene, atherosclerosis, and coronary heart disease. Exp Biol Med. 2002; 227: 900-907.
  19. Taheri Z, Ghafari M, Amiri M. Lycopene and kidney; future potential application. J Nephropharmacol. 2015;4(2):49-51. Published 2015 May 14.
  20. Pierine, D., Navarro, M., Minatel, I. et al. Lycopene supplementation reduces TNF-α via RAGE in the kidney of obese rats. Nutr & Diabetes 4, e142 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2014.39.
  21. Kaya C, Karabulut R, Turkyilmaz Z, Sonmez K, Kulduk G, Gülbahar Ö, Köse F, Basaklar AC. Lycopene has reduced renal damage histopathologically and biochemically in experimental renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Ren Fail. 2015;37(8):1390-5. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2015.1064742. Epub 2015 Jul 10. PMID: 26161692.
  22. Jacques PF, Lyass A, Massaro JM, Vasan RS, D’Agostino RB Sr. Relationship of lycopene intake and consumption of tomato products to incident CVD. Br J Nutr. 2013;110(3):545-551. doi:10.1017/S0007114512005417.
  23. Available from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society/article/cardiovascular-benefits-of-lycopene-fantasy-or-reality/E7E9ADFB56D895C5AA9AF226F00930F0.
  24. Lazarus SA, Bowen K, Garg ML. Tomato juice and platelet aggregation in type 2 diabetes. JAMA. 2004 Aug 18;292(7):805-6. doi: 10.1001/jama.292.7.805. PMID: 15315994.
  25. Odai T, Terauchi M, Okamoto D, Hirose A, Miyasaka N. Unsalted tomato juice intake improves blood pressure and serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level in local Japanese residents at risk of cardiovascular disease. Food Sci Nutr. 2019 May 15;7(7):2271-2279. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.1066. PMID: 31367355; PMCID: PMC6657743.
  26. Upritchard JE, Sutherland WH, Mann JI. Effect of supplementation with tomato juice, vitamin E, and vitamin C on LDL oxidation and products of inflammatory activity in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2000 Jun;23(6):733-8. doi: 10.2337/diacare.23.6.733. PMID: 10840987.
  27. Cheng HM, Koutsidis G, Lodge JK, Ashor A, Siervo M, Lara J. Tomato and lycopene supplementation and cardiovascular risk factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Atherosclerosis. 2017 Feb;257:100-108. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.01.009. Epub 2017 Jan 13. PMID: 28129549.
  28. Sesso HD, Liu S, Gaziano JM, Buring JE. Dietary lycopene, tomato-based food products and cardiovascular disease in women. J Nutr. 2003 Jul;133(7):2336-41. doi: 10.1093/jn/133.7.2336. PMID: 12840203.
  29. Valderas-Martinez P, Chiva-Blanch G, Casas R, et al. Tomato Sauce Enriched with Olive Oil Exerts Greater Effects on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors than Raw Tomato and Tomato Sauce: A Randomized Trial. Nutrients. 2016;8(3):170. Published 2016 Mar 16. doi:10.3390/nu8030170.
  30. Lippi G, Targher G. Tomatoes, lycopene-containing foods and cancer risk. Br J Cancer. 2011;104(7):1234-1235. doi:10.1038/bjc.2011.59.
  31. Available from Available from https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/8/6/58/htm.
  32. Available from https://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/67/2/836.
  33. Johary A, Jain V, Misra S. Role of lycopene in the prevention of cancer. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis 2012;2:167-70.
  34. Palozza P, Simone RE, Catalano A, Mele MC. Tomato lycopene and lung cancer prevention: from experimental to human studies. Cancers (Basel). 2011;3(2):2333-2357. Published 2011 May 11. doi:10.3390/cancers3022333.
  35. Available from https://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/3/10/1284.
  36. Giovannucci, Edward, et al. “A Prospective Study of Tomato Products, Lycopene, and Prostate Cancer Risk.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 94, no. 5, 2002, pp. 391-8.
  37. Sahin K, Yenice E, Tuzcu M, Orhan C, Mizrak C, Ozercan IH, Sahin N, Yilmaz B, Bilir B, Ozpolat B, Kucuk O. Lycopene Protects Against Spontaneous Ovarian Cancer Formation in Laying Hens.  J Cancer Prev 2018;23:25-36.  https://doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2018.23.1.25
  38. Yang TH, Chen YC, Ou TH, Chien YW. Dietary supplement of tomato can accelerate urinary aMT6s level and improve sleep quality in obese postmenopausal women. Clin Nutr. 2020;39(1):291-297. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2019.02.009.
  39. Noorwali EA, Cade JE, Burley VJ, Hardie LJ. The relationship between sleep duration and fruit/vegetable intakes in UK adults: a cross-sectional study from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey. BMJ Open. 2018;8(4):e020810. Published 2018 Apr 27. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020810.
  40. Hirose A, Terauchi M, Tamura M, et al. Tomato juice intake increases resting energy expenditure and improves hypertriglyceridemia in middle-aged women: an open-label, single-arm study. Nutr J. 2015;14:34. Published 2015 Apr 8. doi:10.1186/s12937-015-0021-4.
  41. Niu K, Guo H, Kakizaki M, Cui Y, Ohmori-Matsuda K, Guan L, Hozawa A, Kuriyama S, Tsuboya T, Ohrui T, Furukawa K, Arai H, Tsuji I, Nagatomi R. A tomato-rich diet is related to depressive symptoms among an elderly population aged 70 years and over: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):165-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.04.040. Epub 2012 Jul 25. PMID: 22840609.
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